Материалы по этномузеологии

Капе са златовезом у Банату (1995)


There are 23 articles in the collection of women caps from Banal embroidered with gold. They are an integral part of collection make of men, women and children’s festive and regular caps from Vojvodina.

Caps embroidered with gold were an integral part of peasant suit costume of married women in large ethnic and geographic pannonian region. Because they arc embroidered with gold or silver metallic thread (earlier, the thread was contain an important quantity of those precious metals) that covers a big part of cap, they arc named „golden caps,, , „gold’s,, — „zlatare„ , „zlate„ or „zlachanke„. Their riches and refinement, their preciseness of gold embroider and harmonious ornamental com­position, visually set them aside from the other sorts of caps. Rich and married Serbia’s women in Banat were wearing them by the end of XIX century to the middle of XX century. Those caps were characteristic for married women, marking their national, economical and marital status. They were wearing caps in formal occasions, lire caps were semi-professional manufactured. According to form, decorating manner, embroider characteristic and ornamental composition they belong to European late baroque. We consider them as a primary fashion elements in traditional wearing, because they were present relative short lime, especially big golden caps. There is another kind of caps, smaller and with less golden embroider, named „small golden caps„. They preserves elements of Old Church Slavic culture inheritance by their meaning and by name „dzega„ and „cula„. A big golden caps were used to wear women from middle Banat territory, while small ones has been wearied in entire Banat territory. The term „dzega„ was usual in „high„ Banat. while the term „dula„ was usual in „down„ Banat.

Шарац Момчиловић В. Капе са златовезом у Банату // Гласник Етнографског музеја у Београду. Књ. 58-59. Београд, 1995. С. 91-109.